SUPREME DIRECTIVE

The Supreme Directive is the constitution of the Empire of Adammia. It establishes the way the nation and its government works.

There have been two versions of the Supreme Directive, the original dating back to the first week of the Empire's existence. The April 2013 Supreme Directive was drafted on the 15th of April 2013 and ratified on the 19th. It had one amendment issued, on the 2nd of May 2013. The second and current version, the June 2013 Supreme Directive, was approved in a public referendum on the 30th of June 2013. It has had three amendments, passed on the 16th of November 2013, the 2nd of August 2015, and the 1st of January 2017.

April 2013 Supreme Directive Original
April 2013 Supreme Directive with First Amendment
Pre-First Amendent Supreme Directive
The First Amendment
The Second Amendment
The Third Amendment

Text

The Supreme Directive

Article I - Fundamental Law

1. In accordance with Article 5 of the Supreme Directive of the 16th of April 2013, this Supreme Directive shall take effect as the fundamental law of the Empire of Adammia and replace the previous Directive if more than 50% of Adammic voters choose so in a fair referendum. The aforementioned referendum took place on the 30th of June 2013 and resulted in 100% support out of a 57% voter turnout, hence proclaiming this Supreme Directive.

Article II - Replacement and Entrenchment

1. I, Adam Belcher, son of Kevin Belcher, son of Kenny Belcher, by my self-given right as Founder and Emperor of the Empire of Adammia, declare the Supreme Directive of the 16th of April 2013 null and void with the exception of its first sentence: "I, Adam Belcher, do hereby declare the formation of the political entity The Empire of Adammia, and appoint myself as Head of State of this entity."

2. This Supreme Directive is declared to be impossible to amend or suspend, except if the will of the Founder is invoked or if the Head of State proposes a fair public referendum amongst full citizens for an amendment or suspension which then gains more than 50% of the support of the voters.

Article III - Sovereignty and the Outside World

1. The state acknowledges and respects the law of the macronations that surround and claim sovereignty over the Empire's territory. While its governing bodies may make laws that contradict the laws of those macronations, the macronational laws should still be upheld. Only if the macronation in question recognised the state would this not apply.

2. The governing body of the Empire of Adammia is prohibited from interfering with the rights given by macronational legal ownership of land to landowners within the territory it claims.

3. With the exception of the above sections, the Empire of Adammia claims the status of a sovereign state with territory, citizens and functioning government, with all the rights and responsibilities that go along with that status.

Article IV - Territory

1. The Empire of Adammia claims sovereignty (to the extent set out in the article above) over land given to it in Treaties of Annexation, Imperial Decrees and Acts of Council. This land is collectively referred to as the Empire's territory.

2.
a) The Empire of Adammia's territory is made up of the Country, its Colonies, and any miscellaneous Territories.
b) The Country of Adammia includes all territorial divisions from which a representative could theoretically reach the meeting place of the Ruling Council with relative ease. The Monarch has the power to decide whether or not a territorial division meets this criteria.
c) The Colonies of Adammia are territorial divisions beyond the range of the Country of Adammia which have been granted their own governments with a degree of autonomy.
d) Provinces are those territorial divisions of the Country of Adammia which are inhabited. Provinces should form a single contiguous area of land, though this is not necessary.
e) Territories are territorial divisions which are not Provinces or Colonies. Territories may or may not be a part of the Country of Adammia.
f) Provinces and Territories within the Country of Adammia may be grouped together into Regions. Regions correspond to a particular geographic area.
g) All territorial divisions can be further divided into subdivisions. Subdivisions of Provinces or Colonies can also be Territories. This should be the case with subdivisions which are not under the direct control of the government of the Province or Colony.

3.
a) All of the Empire's territory is subject to the laws contained within this Supreme Directive.
b) By default, laws created by Imperial Decrees and Acts of Council will hold effect over all the Provinces of the Empire, except for subdivisions of Provinces which are Territories; by default they will not hold effect over Colonies or Territories. This may be overridden by the legislation in question, however, since it is recognised that the Empire's sovereignty is more limited over Territories than it is over Provinces and Colonies, care should be taken that any legislation specifically affecting a Territory can be effectively enforced.

Article V - Citizenship

1. A citizen of the Empire of Adammia can be a full citizen or an honourary citizen.

2. Full citizens
a) A resident of any land claimed by the Empire of Adammia who acknowledges the sovereignty of the Empire over said land should be made a full citizen of the Empire, subject to other conditions imposed by legislation. Other individuals may be made full citizens if they have contributed to the Empire in meaningful way.
b) A full citizen is expected to follow and is subject to the laws set out by the governing body of the Empire of Adammia.
c) Only full citizens are counted in the population of the Empire.

3. Honourary citizens
a) A person who lives abroad but has good relations with the Empire can be granted honourary citizenship by the Head of State.
b) Honourary citizenship has no specific rights or responsibilities.

4. No governing body can force a job or role upon a citizen.

Article VI - Founder's Rights

1. As the Founder of the Empire of Adammia, I, Adam Belcher, author of this Supreme Directive, retain certain rights, even if I lose the position of Head of State.

2. The title of Founder is irremovable and the rights that come with it shall be terminated with my death.

3. The Founder holds the ability to choose a new Monarch at any point, even after my own abdication (if this happens), though this can be overruled by the current Monarch.

4. The Founder also holds the right to determine the fundamental law of the Empire, as exercised with the creation of this Supreme Directive, but only if the Founder is still Head of State. Following my death, this right can only be exercised by the will of the People (through public referendum).

Article VII - The Monarch

1. The Monarch's Status
a) The Empire of Adammia is ruled over by the Monarch, who holds the position of Head of State.
b) The Monarch is known as Emperor if male, and Empress if female.
c) The Monarch holds the title of His/Her Imperial Majesty Emperor/Empress Forename Ordinal of Adammia, where Ordinal is the number, in Roman numerals, of Monarchs that have ruled Adammia and the states that preceded it (these being the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Kingdom of Great Britain, the Kingdom of England, and the Roman Empire during the existence of the Province of Britannia) under that forename (Example: His Imperial Majesty Emperor Adam I of Adammia).
d) The Monarch holds the secondary title of Imperator(male)/Imperatrix(female) Adammiae Numeral, where Numeral is the number, in Roman numerals, of Monarchs that have ruled Adammia in total (Example: Imperator Adammiae I).

2. The Monarch and the Ruling Council
a) The Monarch holds the position of Chair of the Ruling Council (see below).
b) The Monarch must never hold the position of Prime Minister under any circumstances.

3. Imperial Decrees
a) The Monarch also holds the position of the head of the Office of the Emperor(if male)/Empress(if female), the political entity responsible for issuing Imperial Decrees.
b)Imperial Decrees act as an expression of the Monarch's sovereignty over the Empire.
c)Imperial Decrees must follow this Supreme Directive.
d)Imperial Decrees are automatically law unless overturned by the Ruling Council.
e)All six Imperial Decrees issued under the Supreme Directive of the 16th of April 2013 are transferred and enacted under this Supreme Directive instead.

4. Miscellaneous Monarchical Powers
a) The Monarch has the right to issue titles to any citizen or non-citizen.
b) The Monarch has the right to exempt individuals from rulings of any government bodies.
c) The Monarch has the right to grant or remove full or honourary citizenship to any person.
d) The Monarch can appoint a citizen as their Advisor or Chief Advisor (but not force them, as this would be against this Supreme Directive).

5. Abdication
a) The position of Monarch is held for life unless the Monarch chooses to abdicate.
b) In order to abdicate, the Monarch must present a signed document declaring their wish to abdicate to both the Ruling Council and a citizen outside the Ruling Council.

6. Line of Succession
a) After abdication or death, the Monarch loses their position and it is transferred to the Heir. The Heir is the first person in the Line of Succession.
b) The Heir holds the style of His/Her Imperial Highness and the title of Crown Prince/Princess.
c) When the Heir is needed to take up the position of Monarch, they should be asked by the Prime Minister as soon as possible if they want to become Monarch. If they refuse, then the next person on the Line of Succession is asked, and so on. If the Prime Minister and their Deputy are not available or these positions are vacant, the Lord/Lady Chancellor can assume their role. The Heir or appropriate member of the Line of Succession immediately becomes Monarch upon accepting the invitation.
d) The Line of Succession starts with the descendants of the Monarch in order of birth, then siblings of the Monarch and their descendants, then the spouse of the Monarch and their descendants and siblings, and so on.
e) A male member of the Line of Succession who is not the Heir or the Monarch's spouse holds the title of Prince and the style of His Imperial Highness. A female member of the Line of Succession who is not the Heir or the Monarch's spouse holds the title of Princess and the style of Her Imperial Highness.
f) If the Line of Succession ends, the Monarch should choose a new family to start the Line of Succession again. The House of Belcher, being the original family of the Line of Succession, should always take precedence in this decision, with the House of Hall being second in this precedence.
g) If the Monarch cannot choose a new Heir due to death or other circumstances, the Ruling Council must choose the new Heir through an Act of Council, not requiring Imperial consent, using the precedences outlined above.

7. Regency
a) If the Monarch finds themselves unable to effectively rule the Empire for any period of time longer than a week, they may declare a Regency and appoint a Regent out of the members of the Ruling Council.
b) If the Ruling Council deems the Monarch unable to effectively rule the Empire for any period of time longer than a week, they may vote to begin a Regency and appoint a Regent out of the members of the Council. The Monarch may override this decision unless the vote passed with more than 80% support.
c) If the Monarch is below the age of 14, a Regency is automatically in place. The Monarch may choose their own Regent in this scenario, but if they cannot provide an answer, the Ruling Council should choose for them.
d) In a Regency, the appointed Regent takes the full powers of the Monarch. They shall not, however, assume any titles or styles associated with the Monarchy, and the Line of Succession will stay with the actual Monarch.
e) While the Regent holds power, they shall hold the style of His/Her Lordship/Ladyship, spoken as Your Lordship/Ladyship or My Lord/Lady. They shall hold the title of Lord/Lady Regent.
f) The first choices of the position of the Regent should be: The Heir, the Prime Minister and the Lord Chancellor. If the Prime Minister is chosen, they must temporarily leave office as the Prime Minister, and their Deputy PM should fill their place.

Article VIII - Representation and the Ruling Council

1. Office of State
a) The Office of State is a political entity responsible for ensuring that democracy and the Supreme Directive are upheld properly.
b) It is the responsibility of the Office of State to organise all elections and referendums. The Office of State must ensure that all votes in elections and referendums are kept anonymous.
c) It is the responsibility of the Office of State to keep records of all Ruling Council meetings.
d) It is the responsibility of the Office of State to keep records of all the legislation passed by the state.
e) It is the responsibility of the Office of State to maintain the Monarchy and the Line of Succession. It should keep the Line of Succession fully updated.
f) The head of the Office of State is the Lord/Lady Chancellor of the State of Adammia.
g) The Chancellor is chosen out of the members of the Ruling Council by the Monarch. The Council must then vote to approve the Chancellor.
h) The Chancellor serves for life, unless he resigns, or if both the Monarch and the Council decide to impeach them having tried them for showing political bias in the dispensing of their functions as Chancellor.

2. Ruling Council
a) The Ruling Council is the official legislature of the Empire of Adammia.
b) The Monarch is the Chair of the Ruling Council. The Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, and Lord Chancellor serve as Vice-Chairs.
c) The Dukes/Duchesses from the nobility each have a place in the Ruling Council.
d) The elected Councilors from each Province each have a place in the Ruling Council.
e) The Delegate of the Colonies and the Delegate of Abroad Citizens each have a place on the Ruling Council.

3. Nobility
a) Each division of land in the country of Adammia has an allocated noble or "landed noble".
b) The noble for a Region is an Archduke or Archduchess. They hold the style of His/Her Grace, and the title of Archduke/Archduchess of Region. An Archduke or Archduchess can only be appointed by the Monarch with the approval of the Ruling Council via vote.
c) The noble for a Province is a Duke or Duchess. They hold the style of His/Her Grace, and the title of Duke/Duchess of Province. A Duke or Duchess can be appointed by the Archduke/Archduchess of the Region the Province is part of, with the approval of the Monarch and the Ruling Council, or can be appointed by the Monarch and the Ruling Council directly by the same means by which an Archduke is appointed.
d) Nobles of sub-divisions of Provinces may be appointed by the Duke/Duchess of that Province.
e) Nobles hold their positions for life unless they are removed from power by the Monarch or the Ruling Council or a noble directly above them in the hierarchy of nobility. Their position is hereditary.

4. Councilors and Local Elections
a) Residents of any Province may nominate themselves as a candidate for the position of Councilor for that province.
b) Candidates run in a Local Election.
c) Any citizen older than twelve years old can run in a Local Election, including the Monarch.
d) Local Elections take place once per year on a date specified by the Monarch. They cannot take place more than two years apart and they cannot take place less than six months apart.
e) Local Elections must be announced at least two weeks in advance so that candidates have time to campaign.
f) All citizens who are residents of the province can vote for a candidate in the Local Election.
g) Ballots in the Local Elections are counted by an official(s) appointed by the Lord Chancellor.
h) The winner of the election becomes the Councilor for that province.
i) If no candidate nominates themselves for Councilor, then the noble for their province assumes that role in addition to their own.

5. Prime Minister and National Elections
a) Any member of the Ruling Council who is not the Monarch and who is older than twelve years old can nominate themselves as a candidate for Prime Minister.
b) Candidates for Prime Minister run in a National Election.
c) The Monarch or Regent should evaluate the candidates for Prime Minister and reject them if they see necessary.
d) National Elections take place once per year on a date specified by the Monarch. They cannot take place more than two years apart and they cannot take place less than six months apart.
e) National Elections must be announced at least three weeks in advance so that candidates have time to campaign.
f) All full citizens of the Empire can vote in the National Election.
g) Ballots in the National Election are counted by an official(s) appointed by the Lord Chancellor.
h) The winner of the National Election becomes the Prime Minister.
i) The Prime Minister may appoint a Deputy Prime Minister out of the remaining Councilors.
j) The Deputy Prime Minister fulfils the role of the Prime Minister if the Prime Minister is not available.
k) If the Prime Minister resigns, dies or is removed from office by the Monarch with an Act of Council, the Deputy Prime Minister will become Prime Minister until the next National Election, which should be held as soon as possible.

6. Delegates and Colonies
a) The Delegate of the Colonies represents all the Colonies of the Empire as well as its citizens who live abroad outside what could be the Country of Adammia.
b) The Delegate of the Colonies is chosen out of candidates supplied by the Lord Chancellor by all of the leaders of the Colonies along with the leaders of the major groups of citizens specified in the above subsection (these groups are determined by the Lord Chancellor). The Delegate of the Colonies must be able to attend Council meetings.
c) The Delegate of Abroad Citizens represents all the citizens of Adammia who could attend Council meetings.
e) The Delegate of Abroad Citizens is elected by the citizens specified in the previous subsection much in the style of a Local Election.
f) The leader of a Colony may be appointed in any way, specific to that Colony. They may be elected or inherit the position. The leader of the Colony may hold any title or style they wish, except for ones that imply complete independence. The Treaty of Annexation that claimed the Colony may outline the procedure by which the leader of the Colony is appointed and the titles and styles they hold.

7. Meeting Procedures
a) The Ruling Council may meet as often as it wants, but it must hold at least one meeting per month.
b) In order for a meeting of the Council to take place, three members must be present, including the Emperor, Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister or Lord/Lady Chancellor.
c) Meetings of the Ruling Council are started and ended by the Chair, or one of the Vice-Chairs if the Chair is not available.

8. Acts of Council
a) Members of the Ruling Council have the right to propose Acts of Council to the Council.
b) An Act of Council has legislative power equal to an Imperial Decree. An Imperial Decree may override an Act of Council and vice-versa.
c) An Act of Council must follow the Supreme Directive.
d) Once an Act of Council has been debated, a vote shall take place amongst members of the Council to decide if the Act shall pass.
e) At least half of all members of the Council must participate in this vote. If this vote is tied, the Prime Minister holds a deciding vote. Alternatively, the Council can vote to put the Act up for a public referendum to decide if it shall pass instead.
f) If the vote decides to accept the Act, the Monarch must then give Imperial Consent. The Act becomes law as soon as it is signed by the Monarch.

9. Imperial Decrees at the Council
a) Imperial Decrees must be presented to the Council at the nearest opportunity and explained by the Monarch.
b) The Council can then debate any objections and propose to hold a vote to overturn the Decree. If this vote gains more than 50% support, the Decree is overturned.

10. Votes in the Council come from positions, not individuals. As a result, an individual who is a Duke and a Councilor would hold two votes, etc.

11. The Ruling Council has the power to, through a vote, grant or remove full or honourary citizenship to any person.

Article IX - Imperial Government

1. The Prime Minister is the Head of Government.

2. It is the role of the Imperial Government to enforce Imperial Decrees and Acts of Council, and manage the day-to-day affairs of the Empire.

3. The Prime Minister may appoint members of the Council to various governmental departments. The status of these departments within the government is determined by Acts of Council.

4. Any decisions made by the Imperial Government should conform with Imperial Decrees and Acts of Council.

5. The Monarch should correspond with the Imperial Government regularly.

6. The Imperial Government has the power to grant or remove full or honourary citizenship to any person.

Article X - Local Government

1. The local government of each province is made up of its Noble and its Councilor.

2. Local governments have the option of creating Local councils, to which people can be elected to in similar manner to the Ruling Council.

3. Local governments and/or Local councils can create and pass local laws specific to that province, but they must adhere to the Supreme Directive and all Imperial Decrees and Acts of Council.

Article XI - Judiciary Process

1. Any dispute which arises regarding the interpretation of an Act of Council or an Imperial Decree, regarding a breach of such legislation, or regarding legal matters in general, may be resolved in either the Grand Court or a lower-level court.

2. Legislation may dictate the system of courts and the means by which they operate. However, the Grand Court must always be the highest court of appeal for all matters not relating to the Supreme Directive.

3. Decisions made by the courts are considered legally binding unless they are successfully appealed at a higher court. The Imperial Government must assist the courts in the implementation of court decisions, particularly the sentencing of criminals.

4. The Judge of the Grand Court is the Monarch. The Chancellor may act as a backup judge if the Monarch is unavailable.

5. In cases where interpretation of the Supreme Directive is required or where the Supreme Directive may have been violated, the case may be heard by the Office of State, where the Chancellor is to act as Judge.

Article XII - Rights of Citizens

1. All citizens are born equal and shall be treated as such by the law and governing bodies.

2. All citizens have the right to life and capital punishment is prohibited.

3. All citizens have the right to freedom of expression and speech.

4. No citizen shall be imprisoned or physically restricted against their will unless they have forfeited this right by committing a crime.

5. All citizens have the right to practice any religion or belief freely, as long as this does not present any risk to the rights of other humans or national security or stability. The state is secular and shall treat all religions, or lack thereof, as equal.

6. All citizens have the right to have control over their own bodies. No other human may make changes to their body without their permission. If it is medically necessary for something to be done by a government-backed institute, a parent or guardian may give permission on their behalf if they are under-age. Such practices as FGM are prohibited.

7. All citizens, once reaching a certain age, have the right to practice any sexual activities they so wish in the privacy of their own homes so long as there is no risk of serious injury or death, and all parties involved give their explicit content.

8. All citizens have the right to own property and property may not be taken from them unless it is for good reason.

9. All citizens have the right to an Internet connection, as long as they can pay for it.

10. No citizen may be discriminated against on the grounds of their gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation or faith.

11. Every citizen has the right to their own opinion.

Article XIII - Miscellaneous

1. The full name of the state is the Empire of Adammia. Its shortened form is Adammia.

2. The official language of the state is English. All legislation and other state documents shall be written in English.

3. The official government system of the state is an Executive Constitutional Monarchy. The government runs a Parliamentary System.

4. The official demonym of the state is Adammic.

5. The official foundation date of the state is the 13th of April 2013.

Signed,
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Adam I of Adammia, on behalf of the People
Imperator Adammiae I
30th June 2013, LXXVIII day of his reign, at 20:47

First Amendment signed,
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Adam I of Adammia, on behalf of the People
Imperator Adammiae I
17th November 2013, CCXVII day of his reign, at 00:07

Second Amendment signed,
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Adam I of Adammia, on behalf of the People
Adamus Primus Imperator
3rd August 2015, DCCCXLIII day of his reign, at 01:00