2013The Imperial Institute of History has much more detailed Dossiers on each year which can be found here.
Foundation and absolute monarchy
The concept of the Empire of Adammia was created on the 12th of April 2013, when Adam Belcher discovered the hobby of micronationalism. Having shared his thoughts for the future empire with several friends, he launched an invasion of his grandparent's back garden in an attempt to secure territory the next day, but failed. On the evening of the 13th, Adam officially founded the empire by claiming his bedroom as his own. With some difficulty, a paper flag and a border post were produced. The next six days would see a period of de-facto absolute rule.
Adammia accepted its first honorary citizen the next day, Sir Alex of Poole, a personal friend of Adam. On the 15th of April, Adam began drafting the original Supreme Directive, which served as a constitution aimed towards an absolute monarchy. Also on that day, an official national blog was created for news and information about Adammia.
The Supreme Directive was ratified by Sir Alex of Poole on the 19th of April, making both the Empire of Adammia and the reign of Emperor Adam I official under law for the first time. On the same day, the Empire opened communication with another micronation - the Principality of Monovia. This was the Empire's first step into intermicronational politics.
On the 21st of April, a deal was made between the Emperor and his brother, Daniel. It had become apparent that Daniel had decided to form his own micronation and wanted to claim the grandparent's garden like the Emperor did. They reached a compromise where Daniel joined the Empire and the territory became a province of Adammia under his rule. Later that day, the Empire claimed the garden and bordering conservatory, learning from their past mistakes by bringing the materials necessary for the flag this time. Daniel was made governor of this new province, known as Tytannia, in addition to becoming Crown Prince. Along with this, Emperor Adam signed Decree I, forming the Military of Adammia.
On the 24th of April, the Emperor signed a Treaty of Annexation with his mother, giving the Empire the territory that her house was built on. This formed the new province of Maternia, ruled by Prince Jake. On the 26th, the Treasury was created with Decree II. The 27th of April saw the signing of another Treaty of Annexation, between the Emperor and his father, which merged the entire original household with the Imperial Province. Then, on the 28th, the final Treaty of Annexation was signed, formally integrating Tytannia into the Empire, along with a new province bordering it, known as Sapientia, which contained the rest of the Emperor's grandparent's property. On this day, the Emperor contacted a second nation, the Empire of Austenasia.
On the 2nd of May, the Emperor enacted the First Amendment to the Supreme Directive, which made any future amendments require a public referendum to pass, the first time democracy was ever referenced in law in the Empire's history. This followed on the 4th with Decree III, which established the state symbols, including the National Anthem. On the 5th, during a visit to Tytannia, the Adammic Army had a small skirmish with a rogue citizen who damaged military property, their first and only combat experience to date. The 6th of May saw the creation of Decree IV which determined the status of provinces and colonies.
On the 12th of May 2013, Adammia became a provisional member of the Grand Unified Micronational (later upgraded to Full Membership on the 9th of June following the relegation to provisional status of Tatsumiya). This event led to contact with a wide range of micronationalists from around the world. After this, the nation entered a quiet period with little change. On the 2nd of June, The Emperor made a speech in Tytannia where plans for an Adammic Parliament were announced.
The 10th of June 2013 saw an agreement between the Emperor and the Grand Master of the Ordo Vladius, a secretive Internet-based organisation. In exchange for the members of the Ordo acting as Adammic ambassadors abroad, they were granted full citizenship, resulting in a large increase in population in Adammia. This became official with Decree V, signed on the same day, which also created the Order of Adammia, an organisation into which the Emperor can induct knights who have shown great service to the Empire.
On the 21st of June, the Emperor introduced Decree VI. This established the official state media, tranforming the blog into an "online newspaper" called the Adammic Express, and renaming the YouTube channel to Adammic Online Television (the AOT). The Emperor announced that a new Supreme Directive had been written in a press conference on the 23rd, with a public referendum regarding whether it shall be enacted being scheduled for the 30th.
When the referendum on the 30th was held, the new Supreme Directive was unanimously proclaimed. This introduced the Ruling Council and the Grand Court, amongst other things. The Ruling Council held its first official meeting a week later on the 6th of July. On the 8th, Adammia signed its first diplomatic Treaty of Mutual Recognition with the Regional Dominion of Burnham, which was not only the first micronation to officially be recognised by Adammia, but also the first micronation to officially recognise Adammia.
With the start of the school summer holidays in the UK in late July, activity in Adammia began to increase once more. The local elections began to be held for the first time, and the Council historically passed its first Act, the Internal Procedures Act 2013 on the 21st of July. Also on the 21st, Decree VIII created a cultural project to produce citizen ID cards for full and honourary citizens, which has involved a census. By early August, a framework for political parties had been created and the first of these, the Liberal Imperialist Secular Technocratic Party or LIST Party being founded shortly afterwards; The first Local Elections were completed, giving the Ruling Council its first full set of Ministers; the state also acquired its first state-owned enterprise at this time.
On the 8th of August 2013, The empire expanded for the first time in several months with the acquisition of the Creatuxia Colony, the first territory claimed outside of West Yorkshire, after the signing of a Treaty of Annexation with Sir Damian Parker, the owner of the property in Congleton, Cheshire, who became the High Lord Overseer of this colony. Emperor Adam led a series of reforms to the military and territory organisation, preparing for an invasion of a nearby green space which never actually happened. Adammic citizens took part in a number of expeditions in this period, such as to the Peak District, the Yorkshire Air Museum, and the Insomnia Gaming Festival 49, at which the Emperor met High Lord Overseer Damian in real life for the first time along with another Adammic citizen, and he issued them both with the first batch of citizen ID cards.
On the 25th of August, the first National Elections were held, which saw Emperor Mother Jayne Belcher elected the first Prime Minister of Adammia. On the 1st of September, the Government Ministries Act 2013 was passed by Council, creating a number of departments in the National Government along with the Office of State. In the same Council meeting that passed Act 4 and just after it, the Ministers of the government departments began to be filled, with Sir Reginald Hall being appointed Deputy Prime Minister, and the Emperor appointing himself Lord Chancellor of the Office of State. However, it took until the 29th for all the government slots to be filled.
Imperial Decree XIII was signed into law on the 7th of September, which granted diplomatic recognition to a large number of micronations and macronations. The next legislation created by the Council, the Contributions Act 2013, established a scheme of voluntary contributions from the adult citizens of the Empire to the Treasury, giving the Empire much more potential for public spending.
In October, the armed forces grew for the first time in several months, legislation regarding official place names (Act 6) was created, and the government's IT capabilities began to grow with an official Google Drive system. Adam I presented his second speech to the nation on the 19th of October.
Throughout late October and November 2013, a series of reforms took place regarding the legislation the state had created since its foundation in April. All the Imperial Decrees so far were subjected to revision, resulting in Decree XVI which brought in many changes, such as changing the official sport to Auto Racing. The second stage of these reforms was the First Amendment to the Supreme Directive. This made several changes to the way the Ruling Council worked. It was passed by a public referendum on the 16th of November. Later that month on the 24th of November, the Council merged Tytannia and Sapientia into one large Tytannia province.
December saw continued activity in the Empire as the Emperor, now the Prime Minister's Director of Communications, chaired the first Cabinet meeting with the Ministers of the National Government on the 8th. In this meeting an outreach program was launched, which saw the purchasing of a .org.uk web domain, the first time public funds were spent. It also led to public applications for honourary citizenship being opened. On the 22nd of December, the legislative reforms were completed with the Legislative Amendments Act 2013, which made several internal changes to the Ruling Council as well as renaming the Adammic Imperial Province to Primoria. A final expansion of the Empire in 2013 happened on the 29th of December when a Treaty of Annexation created Watertopia. The year ended with 1445 square metres of territory and 23 citizens.
On 4 January 2014, the territory of the Empire almost doubled as Myway was annexed. The Empire's influence at the Emperor's school began to rise with talks of more fellow students enlisting as armed forces members. With its increased numbers, the military occupied and claimed more new land for the Empire - two parks, now known as the Jagstonian Plains and Astley Meadow, became the Empire's first Territorial Claims and caused the Empire's claimed land to swell to over 20 acres. This did not come without opposition, however: A hostile British citizen, who attended school with the Emperor and much of the military, sparked the Skirmish of Astley Meadow on 23 January 2014. This caused the military to remain mobilised for the duration of its members' final term at high school - in the following months, there would be occasional confrontations, such as reports that the British insurgent was trying to recruit Adammic honourary citizens to start a rebellion, and later an Air Force "drone strike" (a piece of paper) being thrown at the insurgent, authorised by the Emperor himself. The conflict, now known as the Astley Meadow Insurgency, finally ended on 23 May 2014 when everyone involved left school, meaning that Astley Meadow was no longer in danger.
Meanwhile, the Empire's politics were still moving along. A referendum to change the National Anthem in Feburary 2014 was inconclusive, however, a Ruling Council meeting on the 9th saw several Acts being passed, creating the Adammic Imperial Space Agency, the Ministry of Infrastructure, and the Empire's capital, Imperial City. This was also the day of what is sometimes referred to as the Flappy Bird Crisis, where the popular mobile game, outlawed in the Empire, was found to be being played by numerous high-ranking Adammic politicians. This prompted the creation of the Adammic Police Force.
On 19 Feburary 2014, Emperor Adam I celebrated his 16th birthday, when a 21-gun salute was fired and he published a Birthday Honours List, increasing the size of the Order of Adammia massively.
On 3 March 2014, a product was imported from another micronation for the first time - Emmanouil Tsompanoglou of the Ashukov Federation produced a new Coat of Arms for the Empire, which was promptly adopted by Decree XXII. The same Decree also made Sydney Saindon the Emperor's Princess Consort, a testament to the closeness of the two individuals despite their lack of a serious romantic relationship. Shortly afterwards on 8 March, further organisation of the National Government saw the executive divided into agencies and government-owned companies, which included a new company, Imperial Mail, the Empire's postal service. At the same time, the Adammic Motor Racing Association was founded.
From 8 March onwards, preparations began for the Empire's first Foundation Day anniversary on the weekend of 12/13 April. This was the first large scale micronational effort by Adammic politicians besides the Emperor. It led to Imperial Mail issuing its first ever stamps so that the Ministry of Defence could invite members of the Military to the party on the 12th. Citizens from all the provinces were involved, preparing food and so forth. The actual event on 12 April was the largest gathering of Adammic citizens to date, with an estimated 18 people present in Imperial City's White Gold Palace. Following the buffet, AISA, along with the gathered citizens, travelled to the nearby Jagstonian Plains to carry out its planned Andromeda 1 mission, which aimed to launch a model rocket - however, the rocket did not launch and the mission failed.
From May 2014 onwards, the focus within the government began to shift away from politics and more towards the economy. The Economy Act 2014 was passed on 3 May, allowing private companies to exist. The first of these were the Capital Wine Company and Top Hat Software. In June, another ASIA rocket launch attempt failed, and three new logos were imported from Ashukovo. Due to it having been virtually abandoned by Adammic citizens, Astley Meadow was ceded back to the UK on 14 July 2014, but this was soon made up for with the acquisition of Borealia, a new territory in Devon which comprised the remnants of the once-active Den World sector. Borealia became a key part of the Empire, leading the way with the construction of a forge capable of melting aluminium in August, and later copper in November (though this was set back when the forge exploded in September, which is possibly the largest industrial disaster in micronational history).
Following Local Elections in July, the Adammic National Election 2014 took place in August and it saw Emperor Mother Jayne re-elected as Prime Minister. This was followed by the first State Opening of Council on the 17th, which saw a minor reshuffle with HG Julie Foster (the Emperor Mother's opponent in the National Election) replacing HG Sir Reginald Hall as Deputy PM. On 13 September, Emperor Adam I became the first ever Adammic Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational.
By this point a sizable fund had built up in the Treasury and talk turned to what it would be spent on. Spending plans were approved by the Ruling Council for a RC quadcopter for the Adammic Air Force, and a monument commemorating all of Adammia's citizens. This monument was completed in October and was named the Populus Imperium. Another key focus in October was the space program, and these efforts paid off when AISA successfully launched Andromeda 3 on 26 October 2014 in a flight lasting 7.1 seconds. On 30 October, an Imperial Decree was issued relocating the colony of Creatuxia to its governor's new, much larger residence, which caused the Empire's surface area to swell to 145,701 m². The same Decree also made Borealia into a colony, signifying that the monarchy trusted the Borealians to be stable enough to enjoy a high degree of autonomy.
The large military which had come with the Astley Meadow Insurgency was halved in size in November as a result of the loss of contact with many of the old units. Meanwhile, the Council passed legislation to make itself more formal, meaning that parliamentary procedure would be implemented starting from December. The Cabinet, like in 2013, met in early December, where the Emperor proposed a wide range of plans which are likely to come into play in 2015. Shortly afterwards, Adammia became embroiled in a short diplomatic stand-off with the "Mohawkian Empire", a successor to a very old Den World state which had recently re-emerged, which became known as the Mohawk Diplomatic Crisis. During the Emperor's Christmas Broadcast 2014, Adam I read an additional message written by the Prime Minister, which constitutes her first direct address to the nation.
The Empire of Nova Atlantis merged with Adammia on 11 January 2015, becoming the Empire's first North American territory, Adammic Columbia, led by its governor Lord Sir Grant Hawkins. At the same time, Gabe Newell replaced Jebediah Kerman as the Empire's patron saint and Madam Sydney Saindon's title of Princess Consort was revoked. Meanwhile, the Adammic Express began printing monthly physical copies in addition to its original online blog.
Following extensive planning drawn up by the Emperor and General Sir Will McCracken, who became the official military advisor to the monarch on 28 January, the Emperor began working on two simultaneous projects - reforming the military and introducing a minimum wage. The latter resulted in the Employment and Wage Act 2015 passed on 25 January, but was ultimately a failure as the Minister of Finance disagreed with the concept, resulting in an amendment removing the minimum wage in March. 25 January also saw Lord David Hall being recruited to the new Imperial Guard unit and becoming the Sergeant-at-Arms of the Ruling Council. Meanwhile, Emperor Adam's college classmate Dan Pettinger was recruited into the Adammic Air Force, replacing Commodore Sir Tom Bennett as head of the 1st Imperial Air Group (formerly the 1st Paper Air Group), on 21 January. This was followed by Pettinger's residence becoming the Territory of Dearneland, now home to the official headquarters of the AAF, on 14 February. The Defence Act 2015 was passed on 7 February, initiating the planned military reforms, but the second phase - producing a Military General Manual - is yet to be completed. On 22 February, the Capital Wine Company announced that it would soon begin producing beer in addition to wine and promptly renamed itself to Capital Brewery Ltd.
Adammic foreign affairs were dominated in March by the terminal decline of the GUM. Although the Emperor won the March chairmanship election, a second election had to be held as turnout in the first had been too low. This led to a consensus amongst GUM member states that activity in the organisation had become too low, and the Emperor followed the recommendations of the Austenasian delegates and led, as Chair, an effort to transform the GUM from a formal organisation into a loose association of micronationalists using the GUM Lounge. After this change came into effect on 14 June, the Emperor remained Chair until 30 July, when he was succeeded by Jonathan I, Emperor of Austenasia. However, with the GUM now effectively dead in the water and no other reliable venue for diplomacy, Adammic foreign affairs became increasingly isolated and the government was too focused on other matters to remedy this.
In Borealia, scouts stumbled across a settlement in the woods half a kilometre north-east of the colony on 7 March. Following a run-in with the hostile occupants of the settlement, construction began on a bunker to defend the colony; though it not yet completed, nothing more has been heard from the settlement since March. Adammia celebrated Foundation Day on 11 April with a slightly smaller party in White Gold Palace than the previous year. The Empire suffered the loss of Creatuxia on 19 April due to inactivity, though Adammic Columbia was upgraded to a colony at the same time. Attention soon turned to public finance as the reserves of the Imperial Treasury reached £70 in May. A budget was approved by the Ruling Council on 16 May which prioritised AISA, aiming to get the space agency up and running again with a new rocket after the first rocket was damaged during the Andromeda 3 flight. Money was also spent on adhesive sticker paper in order to produce Imperial Mail stamps. The Imperial Archive and the Imperial Statistics Office were both established on 21 June, followed by the Colonial Council on 11 July. The concept of the Colonial Council was created by the Emperor after Lord Sir Grant Hawkins expressed his wish that the colonies were better able to influence national legislation in May.
Local Elections were called by the Emperor on 5 July, marking the beginning of the 2015 election season. The Emperor was keen to promote the role of political parties in the Empire on the basis that the competition between parties would encourage other Adammic leaders besides the Emperor to contribute more of their own ideas. Discussions between the Emperor and Sir Christopher Hall led to suggestions that a right-wing party could be formed, but this was soon forgotten about - instead Emperor Mother Jayne founded the Moderate Party and Sir Reginald Hall founded the Labour Party, both on 18 July. Although no seats changed hands in local elections held on 25 July, manifestos published by the Liberal and Moderate parties encouraged previously independent members of Council to join parties, with independents eventually making up less than half the Council. Before the National Election was held, the Office of the Emperor proposed an amendment to the Supreme Directive under which (amongst other things) all Council members would be able to run for the office of Prime Minister instead of just Councilors. A referendum was held on 2 August and the Second Amendment was promptly enacted. In the National Election held on 16 August, Emperor Mother Jayne was re-elected to a third term as Prime Minister, though her first as a Moderate instead of an independent, beating Labour candidate Sir Paul McKenna. Meanwhile, Sir Matthew Foster was introduced to the Council as Duke of Watertopia, replacing Madam Julie Foster as Duchess (though she still retained a seat as Councilor).
In the final few months of the year, the Emperor began working on implementing the Liberal Party manifesto with three Acts of Council: the Citizenship Act 2015 which was passed by Council on 3 October, the Imperial Government Act 2015 on 7 November 2015, and the Political Parties Act 2015 on 5 December. The Imperial Government Act was the most notable of these, establishing the Cabinet Office and the position of Cabinet Secretary, splitting the executive into the Cabinet and the Imperial Civil Service, and enforcing mandatory monthly Cabinet meetings. October also saw Adammia's first ever tourist visit on the 18th, a historic milestone, when travel writer Jonny Blair was given a tour of Tytannia province by the Emperor. AISA also attempted to launch its Andromeda 4 flight on this day, but this mission ended up being unsuccessful.
The Adammic government began putting in motion Moderate Party plans for a Christmas Eve party, but this had to be rescheduled, with an unscheduled Cabinet meeting authorised by Deputy Prime Minister Madam Julie Foster for the first time moving the event to New Year's Eve. The same meeting saw the Emperor rushing through measures to buy a tent for the Adammic Army, which was frowned upon by the Moderate Party but ultimately went ahead.
In January 2016, following a surge of interest in Adammia in Crown Prince Daniel's year at the local British school, El Grandens and Kappania both joined the Empire. Vandal attacks by another local student against the Empire's MicroWiki articles led to the leaders of these new territories forming the Adammic National Party. Initially focusing on policies to counteract the vandal, the ANP soon switched to Trump-like "populist" policies which very had limited success in the wider empire. Lord Sir Grant Hawkins also founded a Conservative Party, but it would have very little effect.
In February, the Ruling Council passed the Diplomacy and Terrorism Act, which had been forwarded from the Ruling Council. This was followed by the National Holidays Act, which established Democracy Day as an official national holiday, amongst others. However, shortly afterwards, Madam Winifred Hall became seriously ill, and by the end of March had been diagnosed with terminal cancer. Hall passed away on 11 April 2016, causing much grief for the House of Hall and causing government activity to grind to a halt and the economy to enter recession as most micronational affairs were suspended. Following her funeral on 27 April, Sir David Hall was appointed her successor as Minister of the Environment.
Activity in Adammia slowly began to resume with the passing of legislation such as the Elections and Diplomacy Act in May and Imperial Decree XL in June, in which the Office of the Emperor established control over heraldry in Adammia, a new avenue for cultural development. The Grand Unified Micronational had also returned as a fully-fledged intermicronational organisation, and Adammia soon signed up, ratifiying the new Charter in early June. Meanwhile, the colony of Borealia was faced with the prospect of its leader, Sir Will McCracken, leaving for university in September, leaving the future of the colony extremely uncertain; a similar situation was unfolding in the provinces as the Emperor himself prepared to move to university. In the Borealian Futures document put before the Colonial Council in February, the Borealian Cabinet proposed a referendum on Borealian independence. In July, the Emperor visited Borealia for the first and last time, when it became apparent that support for remaining in the Empire was very thin. On 1 August, Borealia voted for independence by 8 votes to 3, and soon transformed into the Mohawk Empire, creating a military alliance with Adammia. Adammic Columbia followed Borealia out of the Empire 10 days later after Lord Sir Grant Hawkins defected to Wyvern's Holy Roman Empire, leaving Adammia's colonial ambitions crippled.
In July, as had become traditional, local elections were held, in which no seats changed hands, except for Myway, which held its local election late, in August, and saw Labour candidate Eleanor Hall defeating the Liberal incumbent Madam Debbie Shaw. Far more interesting was the National Election on 13 August, which was essentially a rematch of the previous year's election between Moderate Emperor Mother Jayne and Labour Sir Paul McKenna. However, this time McKenna won by a single vote, becoming the Empire's second Prime Minister. In September, the Ruling Council passed the Esports Act 2016, changing the national sport from motor racing to esports. A reform of public finances in October saw an official budget being passed which deliberately aimed to run a budget deficit in the 2016-17 financial year, in order to reduce the reserves of over £100 which sat unspent in the Treasury.
As a result of Borealia and Adammic Columbia leaving the Empire, the Emperor compensated by promoting the territories of El Grandens, Kappania and Dearneland in colony status. After the Emperor moved to the University of Birmingham in September, he established the Colony of Alluria in October. Then, in November, the now-Colonel McCracken founded a new colony, Midgard, and Hawkins, having felt let-down by the Holy Roman Empire, returned to Adammia along with Adammic Columbia. At this point, there were 7 seats on the Colonial Council. Two of these were held by the ANP, and McCracken's Imperial Party also supported them and later merged with them in December. This put the ANP in a strong position and they were able to send several motions to the Ruling Council; first, in August, was a bill to call a referendum on changing the national anthem to Sir Cavan Garfield's single, Succ, which, after some confusion, the Ruling Council rejected. The ANP and the Emperor's Liberal Party became increasingly antagonistic towards each other in the latter part of 2016. This came to a head in November, when the Emperor issued an Imperial Decree revoking diplomatic recognition of the United States following the election of Donald Trump as US President, prompting fury from the ANP and other elements of Adammia's emerging, mostly colonial, right-wing. This triggered the first ever election for the Emperor's Ruling Council seat, the Delegate of the Colonies. Held on the 24th, the election saw the Emperor holding his seat by 4 votes to 3, with the combined ANP-Imperial vote putting pressure on his position. In the end, Prime Minister McKenna decided that revoking recognition of the USA was disrespectful to the American electorate and, for the first time in Adammic history, tabled a motion to overturn an Imperial Decree, which the Ruling Council successfully passed, restoring recognition of the USA.
Towards the end of the year, a more peaceful tone was struck, with the Emperor attending the largely ANP cultural event known as JoelonianCon on 23 December. Meanwhile, a Third Amendment to the Supreme Directive had been proposed which reformed the basics of the judicial system, in anticipation of more detailed legislation from the Liberal Party in 2017. A referendum was held on the amendment on New Year's Eve, and it passed by 11 votes to 5, with most of the opposition coming from the ANP.